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There are many assisted reproductive technology procedures that are now being used by couples and women who have been finding it difficult to bear a child on their own. One of these procedures is a new revolutionised part of the in vitro fertilisation or IVF, called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. Let us discover how Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI aid in making an infertile couple become pregnant with their own child.


Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: What is it?

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI is a technique used in conjunction with IVF that helps achieve fertilisation. It is utilised by couples whose male partner has poor-quality and quantity of sperm. This method is also used by couples who have had a failed attempt at IVF. This complementary innovation in the IVF process makes it more possible for an infertile couple or woman to become pregnant.


Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: How does it work?

The procedure works and follows almost the same steps as the IVF. It entails that the female partner goes through ovarian stimulation with fertility medications, also called ovulation induction, to make sure that numerous egg cells mature and develop. These mature egg cells are then aspirated through the vagina using vaginal ultrasound and a very fine needle and incubated under specific conditions in a laboratory. Exactly the same time as the egg collection, a semen sample is harvested from the male partner, and it is prepared for the sperm collection. Using centrifuge, the semen sample spins inside a customised medium until the live and active sperms become separated from the dead or weak ones. The specialist then harvests a single live sperm with a very fine glass needle and injects it directly into the egg cell. Within 24 hours, fertilisation occurs, and it now follows through the standard conditions of an IVF procedure where a fertilised egg is implanted into the woman’s uterus.



Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection:  What is a split ICSI?

Split ICSI is when the specialist allows the injection of a sperm cell in the majority of the mature eggs collected and incubate the rest with sperm. This method enables some sperms naturally penetrate the walls of the egg as part of the fertilisation. This somehow gives you more chances of becoming pregnant since more eggs undergo fertilisation. However, not all couples have the luxury of undergoing this procedure especially if you have a limited number of mature eggs, where ICSI is definitely going to be used on all mature eggs.


Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: How successful is it?

The method of measuring the efficiency and success of ICSI is the same as that of the IVF. However, many clinics also include the fertilisation rate as a means to measure the procedure’s success. Fertilisation rate under ICSI is measured at 80% to 85%, which means at least eight out of 10 eggs that underwent ICSI get fertilised.


Becoming parents-in-the-making is now more possible for couples or women who find it hard to bear a child naturally. There is an increasing number of experiments and research to make pregnancy more promising as the days go by. Talk to your fertility specialist about the methods that you can use to help you get pregnant and start a family of your own.